Purpose : to amuse or entertain the readers with actual or imaginary experiences in difference ways. Narratives always deal with some problems which lead to climax and then turn into a solution to the problem.
Generic Structur : – Orientation
(who were involved in the story, when and where)
(a problem arises followed by other problems)
(solution to the problem)
Language Features :
K The use of noun phrases
e.g: – a beautiful princess
– a huge temple
K The use of connectives
(first, before, that, then, finally)
K The use of adverbial phrases of time and place
e.g: – in the garden
– two days ago
K The use of Simple Past Tense
(He walked away from the village)
K The use of action verbs
(walk, sleep, wake up)
K The use of saying verbs
(say, tell, ask)
K The use of thinking verbs, feeling verbs, verbs of senses
(She felt hungry, she thought she was clever, she smelt something burning)
Fairy tales, fables, myths, tall tales belong to narratives.
Example Text :
BABU AND THE LION
One day, there was a slave whose name was Babu. His master was very, very bad. You know, he often punched Babu and did not offer him food for days. Poor Babu! So he escaped into a forest and slept in a cave.
Next morning, he heard a loud roar. In front of him…., at the mouth of the cave…, was a very big lion. You see, Babu was scared to death! Kind of scary, isn’t it? But he could not escape.
But the lion didn’t attack him. It was tame. There was a large thorn in its right front foot. The lion looked at Babu. It seemed to say something like:”Please help me. It’s very painful.” Babu walked bravely to the lion and pulled out the thorn. Babu and the lion turned out to be friends.
(Adapted from GB Shaw’s play: Androcles and the Lion).
1. What was the slave’s name?
2. Was the slave a man or a woman?
3. Was the master kind or bad?
4. Where did the slave run away?
5. Where did she/he sleep?
6. What animal did she/he see next morning?
7. Was the animal big or small?
8. Was the slave afraid of the animal?
9. Did the animal attack him/her?
10. What did the slave do to the animal?
Long ago, in the Neverland, there lived a very beautiful princess, Snow White. The Queen was her stepmother. She was very jealous of her beauty. So she wanted her to die.
Snow White knew about the evil plan. She escaped into a forest. There she made friends with seven dwarfs.
The queen turned Snow White into a witch. Snow White did not realize it. The witch gave her a poisoned apple. As a result, Snow White was put into sleep for years.
Fortunately, in the end, Prince Charming revived her with a kiss. They lived together happily ever after.
(Free adaptation from Grimms’ fairy tale)
1. Snow White was a beautiful queen.
2. Her own mother was jealous of her beauty.
3. Snow White ran away from her palace.
4. She lived with Prince Charming in a forest.
5. Snow White was poisoned by her stepmother.
6. Her stepmother was evil.
7. The dwarfs helped Prince Charming revive Snow White.
8. Snow White and Prince Charming had a happy life after that
Once upon a time there was a beautiful girl called Sarah, who lived with her step mother. Her step mother was very bossy, greedy and arrogant. She hated Sarah a lot.
One day when her father was working out side, the step mother hit Sarah and expelled her from the house. She went out side and walked far away from the house. Suddenly she saw a big melon farm and went in it. After that she hid in a big melon. She used to go out of the melon and get her food.
One day a prince visited the farm and saw the big melon. “Cut this melon I want to eat it,’’ the prince said. The prince’s guards started to cut the melon but they heard a voice from it. Sarah said “Don’t cut me please!” They were all surprised at this situation. The prince said “Who are you? Calm down, please come out.” After that she came out. He fell in love with her.
She told him her story so the prince decided to marry her and they lived happily ever after.